Glossary

伝統 - Dentou -

Craftsmanship, passing down traditional skills, techniques and customs through the generations is known in Japanese as DENTOU(伝統)

 

 - TAKUMI -

A master craftsperson.
Title of the person who has excellent craft skills of making things.

 

芸鼓 - GEIKO -

“MAIKO” is originally particular designation of Kyoto. In other areas except in Kyoto, it is sometimes dubbed “HANGYOKU” or “FURISODE”. MAIKO is the first step of becoming “GEIKO”. “Mai” means Japanese traditional dance. “GEIKO” is particular expression of the Kansai region where is a part of West japan like kyoto, Nara, or Osaka. In other areas, it is frequently called “GEISHA”. MAIKO is commonly young, most around 20 years old. On the other hand, GEIKO does not have age limit and retirement age, we can see active GEIKO who are 80 years old.

 

前掛 - MAEKAKE -

A maekake is a traditional apron worn by a craftsperson dating back to the 15th Century. mae means “in front”, kakaeru means “to hang something”. In the Edo Period (1603-1868), this artisan’s apron took its present form. It became extremely popular from the 1950s to the 1970s both as a means of expressing passion for one's craft and as a medium of advertising. As it tightens around the waist, it is also said to be a way of preventing lower back pain for people who carry heavy objects such as rice dealers. The apron has been used by various craft industries such as sewing, weaving, and dyeing materials. Its use is tightly bound with the soul of Japan.

 

 - TATAMI -

Tatami is a traditional kind of mat flooring which has been used for a long time in Japan.  It is made from rice straw (IGUSA). It feels cool in hot weather and warm in cold weather because it retains heat, and moderates the humidity in the room. It is still suitable for Japanese homes today.

 

書道 - SHODOU -

Japanese calligraphy, the art of expressing beauty in writing. The characters are painted with the intention of expressing human thinking and emotions. The skill is to use shapes and the strokes of the characters to expresss beauty and emotions. It is referred to as caligraphy in the West.

 

提灯 - CHOCHIN -

A Chochin is a Japanese paper latern which illuminates the surroundings through the paper. Cho means portable, and chin means light so chochin is portable light. This Japanese latern has a very long history starting from about 1501 (Muromachi era). It has been popular in Japan for a long time as an indoor lighting fixture or to put a candle inside and carry it.

 

手ぬぐい - TENUGUI -

TENUGUI, a piece of dyed cotton cloth, has always been an essential tool for Japanese. Not only was it used as a wiping tool such as a towel or a handkerchief, it was also used as a bandage and a headwear in the old day. On the other hand, since it was possible to dye various graphic designs on the TENUGUI, it also came to be used in the place of a greeting card or a business card. And recently, people have found even more ways to use it, from place mats to tapestry for decorating their homes.

 

博多曲物 - HAKATA MAGEMONO -

Hakata MAGEMONO will refers to the container of wooden cylindrical making together bound by the skin of cherry end of the plate and bending the plate thin cypress or cedar, do not use, such as nails.
There Kensui to use in the tea ceremony and household goods Meshibitsu, such as lunch boxes, and confectionery instrument MAGEMONO container.
There are several theories origin, but old enough to have been excavated from the ruins of the Yayoi period in ancient times, there is a tradition that started actively making the Edo era, has been dedicated as a god tool of Hakozaki shrine in Fukuoka.

 

赤膚焼 - AKAHADAYAKI -

The history of potteries in Nara dates back to the production of roof tiles, religious treasures, and ritual tools of temples and shrine on constructing the ancient ca- pital of Heijo-kyo. It developed continuously to be called " Ni-shi no kyo Doki-za " (a group of potters in Nishi no kyo area) in 14th-15th century, when the pot-ters are believed to have resided in Nishi no kyo or around Mt. Gojo and Mt. Akahada.
Later on, under the reign of the lord Toyotomi Hidenaga in Ya-mato Koriyama, the name "Aka-hadayaki" has become popular thanks to Doki-za, a group of pot-ters, who produced tools for tea ceremony. He also invited a fa-mous potter Yokuro from Toko-name. Under the instruction of Yokuro, Akahadayaki became well-known nationwide and produced skilful potters such as Okuda Mokuhaku in 19th century.